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Grade 6 - Statistics & Probability
Standard 6.SP.4 - Determine the probability of opposite and overlapping events.
Demonstrate an understanding of probability by: • identifying all possible outcomes of a probability experiment. • differentiating between experimental and theoretical probability. • determining the theoretical probability of outcomes in a probability experiment. • determining the experimental probability of outcomes in a probability experiment. • comparing experimental results with the theoretical probability for an experiment. • List the possible outcomes of a probability experiment, such as: - tossing a coin. - rolling a die with a given number of sides. - spinning a spinner with a given number of sectors. • Determine the theoretical probability of an outcome occurring for a given probability experiment. • Predict the probability of a given outcome occurring for a given probability experiment by using theoretical probability. • Conduct a probability experiment, with or without technology, and compare the experimental results with the theoretical probability. • Explain that as the number of trials in a probability experiment increases, the experimental probability approaches theoretical probability of a particular outcome. • Distinguish between theoretical probability and experimental probability, and explain the differences.